Time for some commands!
Some (useful) commands disappeared from the previous CLI (they might come back later), which make the new ionic-cli more concise.
Ionic commands have different levels.
They can be separated in three categories:
- Local: Everything located on our computer
- Cloud: Everything related to the Ionic Cloud
- Cordova: Everything related to simulation, building and pushing to real devices
The most useful command is:
or for one specific command:
The help will depend of the installed Ionic libraries. If the Cordova extension is locally installed, it will display more information.
Two scopes exist: global and local.
We have already seen this global command:
And this one:
The start command comes with many options, the most used are:
- type: Whether you want an Ionic 1 or Ionic 3 project
- list: List the available starter applications
- cordova: If you already want to test your application on a device or a simulator
At the end, you will be asked if you want to link the app to the Ionic Dashboard (aka Cloud), we will talk about that at the end.
Once the application is created, we have access to local commands.
One controversial command is the generate command.
This command generates code for the application, you can create Providers, Pipes, Tabs, etc.
It used to accept the –componentsDir, –pipesDir options which allowed us to specify where the code should be generated.
This forces us to adopt a folders-by-type architecture.
This in my opinion is a huge loss.
Following John Papa’s guidelines:
Do not structure your app using folders-by-type. This requires moving to multiple folders when working on a feature and gets unwieldy quickly as the app grows to 5, 10 or 25+ views and controllers (and other features), which makes it more difficult than folder-by-feature to locate files.
You can see how I structure my projects in my book.
Followed by the most used command:
Many options are available, the most useful are:
- lab: Display how the application looks like on the three main platforms (iOS, Android, Windows Phone)
- port: Select the local port to use
- address: Select the local address to use
Moving on to Cordova.
Our bread and butter.
Very simple there, it starts with adding the platform:
The most useful commands allow us to:
- build everything for a specific device:
- build everything for a specific device and run it on a real device:
- build and run it on a simulator:
- install Native plugins to get access to Native Components (here the camera):
- generate the icons and splash images for a device by using the icon.png and splash.png located in the resources folder:
Moving on to the final part, which is optional.
The Ionic Dashboard
The Ionic Cloud, a place where applications live happily ever after.
You don’t want to build a server for authentication? You only have Windows and can’t test your iOS app?
The Ionic Cloud comes to the rescue.
If you don’t need extra services and you do everything in-house, you won’t need those features.
It all starts with creating an account there.
Allowing us to login with this newly created account:
Next step linking the application:
Once this is done, we can use the ionic package commands.
Starting with the build action:
And Voila it’s in the Cloud!
The other package commands are self-explanatory: download, info and list.
The Ionic Team has done an awesome work with their CLI.
Everything is separated into pieces and the link with the Cloud is natural.
If we don’t need a feature, the help interface will not be polluted with useless informations (aka noise).
We can also only use the serve command until we are ready to test our work on a real device or a simulator using Cordova, if we need more features we can create an application in the Cloud and profit!
However, this last part can be a double edged sword. Remember Google Reader? Such a nice RSS feed aggregator that many people used. A company can stop a service if it isn’t economically viable, so can Ionic.